Fight Back! - News and Views from the People's Struggle http://www.fightbacknews.org/es This newspaper exists to build the people's struggle! We provide coverage and analysis of some of the key battles facing working and low-income people. es “U.S. Hands Off Bolivia” protest planned for MN http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7679 <p>Minneapolis, MN - Several Twin Cities area peace and justice groups have called for an emergency protest to show opposition to the U.S.-supported coup in Bolivia. The protest will be held Thursday, November 14 at 5 p.m. along the sidewalks at Lake Street and Bloomington Avenue in Minneapolis. The Minneapolis action is one of many protests happening all over the world in solidarity with the progressive movements of Bolivia.</p> <p>The event is co-sponsored by the Anti-War Committee and Women Against Military Madness.</p> <p>A statement issued by organizers says, "We protest in Minneapolis to speak out against the military coup in Bolivia, and the role of the U.S. government in this coup. The people of Bolivia, who are struggling to defend economic and social gains won under the leadership of President Evo Morales, are struggling to stop this coup. The U.S. government is clearly the sponsor of the coup. The goal of the coup is to restore the absolute authority of the Bolivian elites who rule as clients of the United States."</p> <p>"The U.S. government has worked overtime to turn back the left-wing tide sweeping Latin America. The struggle in Bolivia, and all of Latin America continues between the forces that want to empower the people and those that want to maintain the power and wealth of the rich," the statement continues.</p> <p>Sarah Martin of Women Against Military Madness explains, “Evo Morales became President in 2006 on the shoulders of a powerful mass movement of indigenous people, and farmers and workers. When he used the gas and mineral wealth of the country to improve the lives of the people and not to enrich the transnational mining companies, he became a target of U.S. regime change. We stand with Bolivians in opposition to this right-wing, military coup.”</p> <p>Meredith Aby-Keirstead of the Anti-War Committee concurs, "The whole history of the U.S. in Latin America has been to maintain the interests of large U.S. corporations in the region against any attempt by the rank-and-file people to take steps to rebuild society in their interests. The coup in Bolivia is only the latest example of this whole history."</p> http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7679#comments Las Luchas del Pueblo Antiwar Movement Anti-War Committee Bolivia Bolivia Thu, 14 Nov 2019 01:38:13 +0000 Fight Back 7679 at http://www.fightbacknews.org Tallahassee tenant association objects to redevelopment: “We’re not at the table” http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7678 <p>Tallahassee, FL - Tallahassee’s public housing tenant association is claiming that plans to redevelop Orange Avenue Apartments, the largest public housing community in the city, will result in displacement and that those plans proceeded without resident participation.</p> <p>“It’s going to be just like they did in Goodbread Hills. They let nobody back in. They give you a voucher and say you’ll be eligible when you get back in when the site is finished. Because they hire a developer to manage the complex, you are not going to get back in,” said Oliver Hill, Sr. president and founder of the Orange Avenue United Tenant Association Inc. (OAUTA).</p> <p>“No family at Orange Avenue Apartments will be displaced,” said Brenda Williams, the executive director of the Tallahassee Housing Authority, responding to concerns about displacement in an interview with WTXL ABC 27. “What I can say to the residents here at Orange Avenue Apartments is to trust the process.”</p> <p>Hill claims that this process has already been violated.</p> <p>“They violated our agreement on the Memorandum of Understanding on participation,” said Hill. “They did not give us the option to participate in the development plan, to sit at the table with the politicians and everything. We’re not at the table.”</p> <p>A Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the housing authority and tenant association this June, guaranteeing funding, resources and the right of participation in operations, including new developments. By September the agreement was broken and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) was urging the housing authority to meet and negotiate a resolution, warning that no local resolution would result in HUD headquarters taking over the dispute.</p> <p>“They disagree with the contract then they shut our funds off so then we can’t communicate with our residents,” said Hill. “I feel that the management found the opportunity to do this. The same time they are trying to do a development plan then they withhold the resident council funds.”</p> <p>Under HUD regulations the tenant association is recognized as the resident council and a resident management corporation representing all public housing residents in Tallahassee. HUD provides a federal subsidy to housing authorities for the proper funding of resident councils. With funding the tenant association hopes to hire staff to educate residents on the redevelopment plans.</p> <p>Lack of funding isn’t the only issue Hill has with the housing authority, “They go around and tell the residents not to participate, but they will deny that they are doing it.” </p> <p>Hill says that he still believes an agreement can still be reached, but it will require the housing authority to come to the table. “Until this housing authority sits and negotiates a good development plan with the resident participants then I will personally object to the plan. The residents elected me as the president to represent them, to be the voice of the people, and I intend to do that in good faith.”</p> http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7678#comments Las Luchas del Pueblo African-American Orange Avenue United Tenant Association Inc. (OAUTA) Tallahassee Tallahassee Housing Authority Nacionalidades Oprimidas Poor People's Movements Tue, 12 Nov 2019 23:04:37 +0000 Fight Back 7678 at http://www.fightbacknews.org East LA students walkout for DACA http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7677 <p>Los Angeles, CA – Hundreds of students from Garfield High School in East LA have walked out of their classrooms to defend DACA. The students are taking the metro train to downtown Los Angeles where participants will rally. A group of youth gathered in downtown as early as 6 a.m.</p> <p>Today, November 12, the Supreme Court has started to hear oral arguments to determine whether Trump’s lawsuit against DACA will be upheld or not. DACA will affect over 100,000 youth in the state of California.</p> http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7677#comments Las Luchas del Pueblo DACA Inmigrantes Tue, 12 Nov 2019 22:18:16 +0000 Fight Back 7677 at http://www.fightbacknews.org Florida State students sit in on Sigma Lambda Beta to protest sexual assault http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7676 <p>Tallahassee, FL - On November 6, over 30 students held a sit-in at a Sigma Lambda Beta’s multicultural fraternity informational meeting. The students and allies of the survivors gathered at the Sigma Lamda Beta meeting to protest its alleged conduct and defense of members accused of committing sexual assault.</p> <p>Junior Melissa Carcano, a survivor of rape, spoke on the importance of the sit-in, stating “I felt really anxious the whole day and when I got in there everything calmed down. It was like this is where I’m supposed to be right now.”</p> <p>Carcano largely organized and led the protest after her messages and responses were ignored by the fraternity when she accused former member Nicarao Estrada of rape. “I just want to put the pieces together. You can’t undo what happened to me, but you can take a weight off my shoulder, you can give me one less thing to stay up at night wondering, you can give me a reason to live.”</p> <p>When protesters entered Globe auditorium, Carcano confronted Sigma Lambda Beta Chapter President Alex Alvarado. The survivor asked why the organization ignored her previous attempts to redress her grievance against the perpetrator. She continued, “You can give me an answer and we’ll leave. This is a peaceful protest, we’re not here to riot, we’re not here to start a fight, we want dialogue.”</p> <p>Alvarado responded, “The reason why it was so hard for me to help you back then is because I have my own traumas that I have experienced.” He went on to say that he wouldn’t allow Carcano to continue to “attack him publicly” and “put him in that position.” After back and forth confrontation with the protesters, Alvaredo decided to cancel the fraternity meeting and reschedule another time. The fraternity left the space and refused to answer any follow-up questions from protesters.</p> <p>Carcano hopes that other survivors feel empowered to come forward. “I’m hoping that all of this, all this noise, can get someone to come forward, because we just need one more person to come forward at least Beta-wise and they can be shut down,” said Carcano. </p> <p>Carcano went on to state that she hopes this sit-in inspires others to continue actions like this. “I started the fire, I need somebody else to keep it going.”</p> http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7676#comments Las Luchas del Pueblo Florida State University rape culture Sigma Lamda Beta Women's Movement Movimiento Estudiantil Tue, 12 Nov 2019 08:44:30 +0000 Fight Back 7676 at http://www.fightbacknews.org Minnesotans protest the GOP's racism, xenophobia and anti-Muslim bigotry http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7674 <p>Edina, MN - 50 protesters converged on the Minnesota Republican Party headquarters, November 10, to stand against U.S. President Donald Trump.</p> <p>The event took place one month after President Trump held a rally in Minneapolis. According to a press release from the Anti-War Committee, “Trump’s lies led to a rise in hate crimes in every county where he held a campaign rally in 2016. Statistics show that hate crimes doubled compared to other counties, and it's because his blatantly hateful rhetoric is designed to incite violence and further racist and xenophobic views. The Minnesota Republican Party not only hosted him but has been silent as he attacked the immigrant and refugee communities that are a part of Minnesota.”</p> <p>The afternoon began with the crowd holding signs and banners that read "Reject Trump and GOP bigotry!" and "Black lives matter!" Chants such as "Indict! Convict! Send his racist ass to jail! His whole damn system is guilty as hell!" rang loudly, to the dismay of the five Trump-supporters who had arrived to counter-protest the event.</p> <p>Erica Zurowski from the Minnesota Immigrant Rights Action Committee (MIRAC) spoke out against the injustice facing immigrants in the U.S., stating, "This didn't begin with Trump. We were out here when Obama was in office orchestrating mass deportations, and we'll be here long after we kick Trump out of office!"</p> <p>"[Trump supporters] claim to support equality and justice for all" exclaimed Haji Youseff, a member of the local Somali community in the Twin Cities. "But you do not look at me as an equal! You look down on me because of my color! Because of where I'm from! Because of my faith! Because of my sexuality!"</p> <p>Autumn Lake, a member of the Anti-War Committee, closed out the program, saying, "When Trump rallied here, he took aim at our immigrant and refugee communities, themselves victims of U.S. foreign policy seeking refuge in the United States." She continued, "We stand here today outraged that this call to racist violence was hosted and enabled by the Minnesota Republican Party. We are here to say that racist violence is not welcome in the state of Minnesota."</p> <p>The November 10 event was organized by the Anti-War Committee.</p> http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7674#comments Las Luchas del Pueblo Antiwar Movement Anti-War Committee Donald Trump GOP Tue, 12 Nov 2019 04:06:01 +0000 Fight Back 7674 at http://www.fightbacknews.org New York City stands with Bolivia http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7673 <p>New York, NY - Over 100 people gathered by the Bolivia Mission at the United Nations on November 11 in response to the forced resignation of Bolivian President Evo Morales. People came out to oppose the U.S.-backed right-wing coup in process and to speak out in support of the progressive, national democratic government.</p> <p>After rallying at the Mission, the crowd marched to Trump Tower and continued with more speeches.</p> <p>Speakers from various movements spoke about how the U.S. has intervened in their countries, including Brazil, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Others spoke about U.S. imperialism’s interest in Bolivia and why it’s important to have international solidarity.</p> <p>“But why Bolivia?” asked Jessica Schwartz of Freedom Road Socialist Organization. “Is it because Evo Morales is an indigenous, working-class leader? Or is it because Bolivia is sitting on lithium that the U.S. imperialists want for themselves? It is, in fact, all of the above!”</p> <p>The rally ended with chants and a call for people to join organizations to continue the struggle and demand “Hands off Bolivia!”</p> <p>The call was put out by Socialist Unity Party/Partido por el Socialismo Unido and Struggle - La Lucha newspaper, with endorsements from Samidoun Palestinian Political Prisoner Network, International Action Center, Freedom Road Socialist Organization, Bolivarian Circles NYC, BAYAN USA Northeast, ANSWER Coalition, the People’s Forum, US Peace Council, United National Antiwar Coalition, December 12th Movement, and others.</p> http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7673#comments Las Luchas del Pueblo Bolivia Bolivia Coup Evo Morales Tue, 12 Nov 2019 04:01:18 +0000 Fight Back 7673 at http://www.fightbacknews.org Commentary: Coup in Bolivia http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7672 <p>Chicago, IL - Today, a military coup took place in Bolivia. The first act began on October 20 - the day that Evo Morales was re-elected president by a ten-point margin against his nearest opponent, starting with violent protests in the country's urban middle-class neighborhoods. The final act was carried out by the head of the Bolivian Armed Forces, Gen. Williams Kaliman, who went on national television today and demanded that Morales resign. This followed a day of police mutinies in key cities, and in totality it was clear that the elected government had lost the support of the armed apparatus of the state. Without arms to fall back on, and fearing the slaughter of their supporters, Morales, his vice president Álvaro García Linera, and the president of the Senate, Adriana Salvatierra resigned. Morales stated, ”I am resigning so that my comrades will not continue to be intimidated and threatened, so that [the reactionaries} will stop burning their homes and persecuting the humble people.”</p> <p>From the beginning, it must be clear that the street violence that led to this moment was not about "the people vs. the government." In Bolivia, where the people live under a constitution that was popularly written and democratically approved in 2009, the people are the government. For the first time since the Spanish invasion, the indigenous masses exercised political control over their own territory - Bolivia being the only country left in the Americas where the majority of the population is indigenous. In the entire history of this hemisphere, only two indigenous people have been elected president - Benito Juárez in México a hundred and fifty years ago, and Evo Morales in Bolivia. </p> <p>Before Evo came to office, Bolivia was the sole governance of a handful of families, the oligarchy whose historic roots lie in the Spanish Conquest and whose only fount of current legitimacy comes from U.S. capital. It was not long ago that the country was an apartheid state, where the indigenous were denied the right to vote and own property. A national democratic revolution in 1952 tore down this order, but the oligarchy quickly regained power in the new democratic order. It was in the mass revolt against this consolidation of power that Che arrived to fight, and ultimately die, alongside his Bolivian comrades. </p> <p>Evo came to office in 2005 as an indigenous trade unionist, at the helm of the Movement to Socialism (MAS), a political alliance of left-wing trade unions, peasant unions and indigenous organizations. In the thirteen years since first taking office, his government has led a transformation of Bolivia from an economic backwater - a country without any sovereignty, totally beholden to American imperialist thuggery - into a genuinely prosperous society. The mines and gas refineries that used to be the sole property of U.S. firms were nationalized, and their revenue directed to lifting the poor out of poverty. For as long as Bolivia has existed, it has not known a period of greater collective prosperity and genuine democracy. </p> <p>From day one, Evo's government has been a government of the mass movements, with indigenous workers and farmers occupying the halls of power that were built on their ancestor's backs. None of this could be forgiven by the oligarchy, nor by the social classes that benefited from their patronage system. These were the forces that have resisted MAS' transformation of Bolivia, and these were the forces that took to the streets on October 20th.</p> <p>So what are these demonstrations about, if not democracy? The protesters decry "electoral fraud" without offering any proof, although that does not matter at all for the shameless U.S. media outlets that serve as the faithful loudspeakers of any rich thug. But, do they turn their attention to the seats of government in the capital, occupying Congress and demanding a new election? No. Instead, they set fire to union houses. They drag the elected mayors of cities and towns, only those that belong to MAS, from their homes and beat them, along with their family members. They drag one, a proud indigenous woman, into the middle of a crowd and forcibly cut off her hair. They set fire to the house of Evo's own sister. This was terrorism, on an organized scale and with the open support of the far-right opposition parties and the U.S. media. </p> <p>What will now happen to the incredible society their movement has built is unclear. Reports are coming in that at least twenty people from Evo's government have sought asylum in Mexico's embassy in the capital. The wiphala, the flag that represents the diversity of Bolivia's indigenous people, has been taken down from government buildings in the capital. Evo, for his part, has declared that he will not leave. He and his vice president have gone to the countryside, to their base, in order to lead the grim struggle going forward. </p> <p>The coup faces one of the most organized mass movements on the continent, one whose resilience and revolutionary courage goes back centuries, from the resistance to the Spanish Conquest in the 1500s to the armed miner uprisings of only a few decades ago. The Bolivian people possess in their history and in their lived experience a great bravery. Now they must use it to defend the better society they have built. </p> <p>This week is a sober reminder that history does not move along a straight line. An incredible victory in one corner can be, and often is, accompanied by a terrible defeat in another. Such is the nature of war. And what we are witnessing in our continent, from Haiti to Chile, is a war. A contradiction, like any tension, can only last so long before it breaks. The Americas have broken open, and all energy must be coalesced into common struggle to cast the bourgeoisie of our countries - whose descendants consciously committed genocide and forced millions into slavery so that they could live in decadence - into the dustbin. "History is ours," said Salvador Allende as airplanes of the U.S. backed military dropped bombs around him and his comrades, "and the people make history." In Bolivia, we suffered a defeat today. Tomorrow, let us ensure a victory there and in every corner of our America.</p> http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7672#comments Las Luchas del Pueblo Opinión Américas Bolivia Bolivia Coup Evo Morales Latin America Op-Ed South America Mon, 11 Nov 2019 03:14:46 +0000 Fight Back 7672 at http://www.fightbacknews.org 102 years since October Revolution http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7671 <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; font-style: italic; white-space: pre-wrap;">This paper prepared collectively by the central leadership of Freedom Road Socialist Organization, and was presented by leading member of FRSO, Frank Chapman, at the Centennial Commemoration of the October Revolution, held in New York City, July 2017. The event was sponsored by People’s Response for International Solidarity and Mass Mobilization (PRISM) in cooperation with the U.S. member organizations of the International League of People’s Struggle (ILPS-US).</span></p> <p><strong><br /> </strong></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:700;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Introduction&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">As communists and revolutionaries, we welcome this opportunity to mark the 100th anniversary of Russia’s 1917 October Revolution, and to discuss its ongoing relevancy to the struggle today.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The October Revolution was a world-changing event. At one stroke, it settled the question of whether another world was possible. Releasing one-sixth of the world from the chains of wage slavery, it smashed the myth that rule by the few was a sort of permanent condition, and, by successfully establishing proletarian political power, the October Revolution succeeded in opening the road to socialist construction. For the years that followed, the great achievements of the Soviet Union created a new and better way of life and would exercise a powerful effect on working and oppressed people around the globe.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Not only did the October Revolution change the lives of the millions who lived in what would become the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), it changed the world revolutionary movement in a big way. Mao was later to say, that the October Revolution sent the “salvos of Marxism to China” where it was to become a powerful force in the movement for national liberation and socialism. In the U.S., the October Revolution came to exercise a magnetic pull on the revolutionaries in the socialist, labor and other people’s movements, contributing to the creation of a single, revolutionary Communist Party in the early 1920s, which became an important factor in the country’s political life.</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:700;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">How we can learn for the October Revolution in the U.S.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The Bolsheviks, under the leadership of Lenin, Stalin and others, creatively applied Marxism to the concrete conditions of Russia. In doing so they waged a consistent struggle against opportunism in the socialist and labor movements - internationally and in Russia itself. It was this struggle against opportunism that prepared the Bolsheviks to lead the working class in the seizure of power.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The October Revolution was a qualitative leap, from one historical epoch to another – a period in which moribund capitalism is heading for extinction and where socialism is on the agenda. This process in turn gave rise to Leninism; Leninism being Marxism in the era of imperialism and proletarian revolution.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Marxism-Leninism is a science, the science of revolution. It allows us to understand the laws that govern the processes at work in the world, and by understanding those laws, including those of how history develops, we can grasp the necessity and understand our freedom to change the world.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Because Marxism-Leninism is a science, a science that is by necessity and fact, universal in character, we can take the lessons of the October Revolution and learn from the experience in a materialist way that helps us to advance our work in the U.S. Lenin made the point that the soul of Marxism was a concrete analysis of concrete conditions, so we cannot say that it something that is fixed, static, or immutable. Rather, Marxism-Leninism is and will be constantly enriched through cycles of practice, and the summation of that practice.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">We learn from the past, to guide our work in the present and to serve the future, which includes our revolutionary goals. We have no desire to be a historical reenactment society, and it should be obvious to all serious people that we cannot rely on analogies from Russian history to understand current conditions.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:700;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Conditions in the U.S. today</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The U.S. today is empire in decline, beset by contradictions internal and external. Lenin stated imperialism was capitalism in its moribund stage, and it is arguable that the irrational bigot Donald Trump is a fitting political representative of a sick and dying system.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Internationally, the U.S. faces a growing challenge for the national liberation movements and the national democratic governments, the socialist countries, and other imperialist rivals. Thus, the U.S. is increasing military spending, taking hostile actions against socialist Korea and Cuba, and is stepping up the U.S. wars in Afghanistan, Syria, Yemen, Somalia, Iraq and other places.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Within the U.S., the monopoly capitalists are perusing an agenda of austerity and reaction, which means an intensification of racist discrimination and national oppression, directed at African Americans, Chicanos and Latinos, Arab and Asian Americans, and indigenous peoples including Pacific Islanders. There is an attack on the standard of living of working people (including wages, health care, pensions, and perhaps most importantly - the right to have trade unions), attacks on the rights of women, and organized bigotry against Muslims.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The point here is not do draw up a comprehensive list of the crimes being committed by the monopoly capitalist class, nor is it to chart the restructuring of the economy and political polarization that has unfolded since the great economic crisis of 2007, rather it is to provide a general picture of a wide-ranging war that the bourgeoisie is waging on the people of the U.S. and by extension, the peoples of the world.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Fortunately, the war that the rulers of the U.S. are waging on working and oppressed people is not a one-sided one, and we are now in the midst of one of the greatest upsurges of struggle since the 1960s. In cities across the country, massive and militant protests have taken place against police crimes and there is a growing movement for community control of the police. There is a growing tide of anger over the anti-immigrant polices of the Trump administration. Trump’s attempted ‘Muslim ban’ drew hundreds of thousands of people into the streets and airports. It is estimated that about 20% of the people of the U.S have taken part in protests and demonstrations since Trump took office.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Finally, there another point concerning objective conditions that bears mentioning: the communist movement in the U.S. is small. This does not negate the fact that the existing Marxist-Leninist organizations have not made big contributions to the people’s struggle. We have. Rather it is recognition of the reality that the U.S. is a large country with big working class, and for those of us who are revolutionaries, the task of building a new communist party remains on our agenda.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">At any given time, communists have three general tasks: to win all that can be one in the struggle while landing the strongest possible blows on the enemy; to raise the general level of consciousness and organization among the people; and to build communist organization win the advanced to Marxism-Leninism. As we carry out these tasks there is an incredible amount that we can learn from the October Revolution and the work by Russian communists to make it a reality.</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:700;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">The October Revolution and the need for a communist party</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Given that no ruling class, be it the capitalists and landlords who ruled Russia in 1917, or the monopoly capitalists who rule the U.S. today, have ever left the stage of history voluntarily, working and oppressed people need to be organized to take political power by whatever means necessary. This is basic lesson of the October Revolution that is universally valid.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Lenin made the following points about what is needed for revolution:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-left: 36pt;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">It is only when the "lower classes" do not want to live in the old way and the "upper classes" cannot carry on in the old way that the revolution can triumph. This truth can be expressed in other words: revolution is impossible without a nation-wide crisis (affecting both the exploited and the exploiters). It follows that, for a revolution to take place, it is essential, first, that a majority of the workers (or at least a majority of the class-conscious, thinking, and politically active workers) should fully realize that revolution is necessary, and that they should be prepared to die for it; second, that the ruling classes should be going through a governmental crisis, which draws even the most backward masses into politics… weakens the government, and makes it possible for the revolutionaries to rapidly overthrow it. (LCW Vol 31, p. 85)</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">To this we can add another precondition - the need for a Communist Party. The outstanding revolutionary leader, Mao Zedong put it like this:</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-left: 36pt;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">If there is to be a revolution, there must be a revolutionary party. Without a revolutionary party, without a party built on the Marxist-Leninist revolutionary theory and in the Marxist-Leninist style, it is impossible to lead the working class and the broad masses of people in defeating imperialism and its running dogs. (MSW Vol 4, p. 284).</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Our organization, Freedom Road Socialist Organization (FRSO), does not claim to be the party of the working class. We are a communist organization that is working to build a new communist party. The reason we do not claim to be the party is that we do not in any real way, to use Stalin’s formulation, encompass the advanced detachment of the working class. The problem is this: most advanced workers - the activists, organizers and leaders - are not revolutionaries or communists. The active of our class are in one place politically and the communists are in another. There is a gap. A separation. So, we need to fuse Marxism and the workers’ movement.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">One of the great strengths of the communist movement in Russia is that it dealt with the problem of fusing Marxism and the workers’ movement in a practical and meaningful way. In 1899 Lenin posed the issue like this:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-left: 36pt;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">The separation of the working-class movement and socialism gave rise to weakness and underdevelopment in each: the theories of the socialists, unfused with the workers’ struggle, remained nothing more than utopias, good wishes that had no effect on real life; the working-class movement remained petty, fragmented, and did not acquire political significance, was not enlightened by the advanced science of its time. For this reason we see in all European countries a constantly growing urge to fuse socialism with the working-class movement in a single Social-Democratic movement. When this fusion takes place the class struggle of the workers becomes the conscious struggle of the proletariat to emancipate itself from exploitation by the propertied classes, it is evolved into a higher form of the socialist workers’ movement—the independent working-class Social-Democratic party. (LCW, Vol 4, p. 255)&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">In addition, Lenin and the Bolsheviks also developed measures to consolidate the party – organizationally, politically and ideologically - all of which we can learn from today.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Taken as a whole, conditions in the U.S. today are favorable for building communist organization. The large number people who self-identify as “socialists” in the wake of the Sanders presidential campaign is an indicator of this, as is the upsurge of struggle against police crimes, the large-scale protests against Trump, and the openness in the labor movement to class-struggle unionism. Also, coming off the economic crisis of 2007, and the restructuring of the economy that has taken place since then, there is a sense among many, especially among young people, that capitalism is a failed system.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">In all of the people’s struggles, the issue of “Who will lead?” is a basic one. Communist leadership is not preordained. It is earned, though our clarity of political line, organizational capacity and hard work. Communists need to be good at learning at the same time as we teach others. We cannot afford to criticize from the sidelines. We need to step up, and if we do not do so, opportunists of various stripes will be glad to do it for us.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">For example, objectively speaking, there is a movement against Trump. It began while he was on the campaign trial, and many of us marched against him and his agenda in the streets of Cleveland during the Republican National Convention. There was a huge outpouring of struggle, which was largely spontaneous, following his election, and we are now in a period where large-scale fightbacks can be organized against his more egregious attacks – such as the Muslim ban.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">In building the movement against Trump, we need to contend with reformists and other class forces, including those tied with the leadership of the Democratic Party, over the issue of who should lead. The fact is the only way we can lead this movement is by being the ranks of those who are the practical organizers of it – which means that we are among those calling the demonstrations, organizing the big protests, and are among the speakers putting out a clear line on the issues of day. To the extent that we can, we want the movement to target not only Trump, but also the monopoly capitalists who stand behind him.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">In this struggle, like every other popular movement, is critical for communists do more than work to raise the general level of consciousness among the masses of people, and we can’t be content with being the among the best of the activists either. In every battle that we engage in it is critical we are summing things up with the activists and leaders, helping them understand the laws the govern monopoly capitalism, and explaining the need for socialism. By doing this we grow the communist movement in this country, and lay the basis for creating a new communist party.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">It should also be noted that this work of building communist organization in the crucible of the day-to-day struggle helps to create the material basis for Marxist-Leninist organizations, to engage in joint practice, to engage in summation, and, where possible, to the achievement of principled organizational unity.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; font-weight: 700; white-space: pre-wrap;">Strategy for revolution in the U.S. and the national question</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">All revolutionary strategy is based on answering the question, “Who are our friends and who are our enemies?” This is impossible without understanding the specific features of U.S. society.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Our strategy for socialist revolution is constructing a united front against the monopoly capitalist class, under the leadership of the working class and its political party, with a strategic alliance between the multinational working class and the oppressed nationalities at the core of this united front.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">It is vital to understand the special needs and demands of entire nationalities within the borders of the U.S - African Americans, Chicanos and Latinos, Asian Americans, Native peoples including native Hawaiians, Arab Americans and others, are bound by the chains of national oppression.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Racism in the U.S. carries the stench of the slave market. It maintains that Black people are inferior and that racial antagonisms are ahistorical and independent of the development class societies. We totally reject this notion.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Lenin referred to pre-1917 Russia as a “prison house of nations,” and that is exactly what the U.S. is today, where racist discrimination and systematic inequality in all spheres of life - economic, political, and cultural - is the order of the day. One of the main reasons that Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik) was successful in October 1917 was that it championed the fight against national oppression, and it consistently stood for the national liberation and self-determination. There is a lot we can learn from this experience.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Likewise, by waging a struggle against the opportunism and social chauvinism that characterized the Second International, Marxism-Leninism became the revolutionary theory, where the national question takes it rightful place, where is understood where it is in reality - as vital to the revolutionary process internationally and vital to understanding the core dynamics of change in a multi-national state like the U.S.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">We make the following point in our </span><span style="background-color: transparent; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-style: italic; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Statement on National Oppression, National Liberation and Socialist Revolution, </span><span style="background-color: transparent; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">which crystalizes our understanding of the importance of the fight against national oppression:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-left: 36pt;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">The struggle against imperialism and national oppression is a revolutionary struggle, for just as the people of Asia, Africa and Latin America require revolutionary struggles to overthrow colonialism and liberate their countries, so will it take a revolutionary struggle in the United States to gain full equality for oppressed nationalities. Since it is the system of imperialism that profits from and causes national oppression, only the overthrow of this system can end national oppression.</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Two things are needed to develop the strategic alliance. First, we need to build the African American, Chicano, and other oppressed nationality movements, and to promote working class leadership with in those movements. Workers from oppressed nations in the trade union movement bring with them the special demands of their national liberation movements. We fight for the trade union movement to stand in unconditional solidarity with the oppressed.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Second, as we build the multinational working class movement, we need to ensure that the fight against racist discrimination, and for consistent democracy, and full equality for the oppressed is at the core of our agenda. For example, in recent years the struggle against police crimes has exploded in Black community. In a number of places this struggle has expanded to encompass the fight for community control of police. In addition to building these fights, everything possible should be done to get the labor movement to support them.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Or to take another example, we have worked hard to build the immigrant rights movement, to resist deportations and to build the fight for legalization for all. In the cities where we do this, we have worked hard to draw in the labor movement.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The work to build this strategic alliance also requires carrying out a set of interrelated and at times difficult tasks. White workers, especially those who are active and forward-looking, have the responsibility to fight white chauvinism or racism among whites and play an active role in building the fight against all manifestations of national oppression. Racial prejudice is not the primary cause of national oppression. It is the consequence, the rationalization and justification of national oppression.&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Revolutionary-minded oppressed nationality workers have the responsibly to oppose narrow nationalism among workers of their own nationality.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Building a united front against monopoly capitalism, building communist organization with the aim of constructing a Leninist party of a new type, or building a strategic alliance are all tasks that can be carried out now. All the basic contradictions of imperialism are sharpening and there is a real urgency to do what must be done.</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:700;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Proletarian Internationalism</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The monopoly capitalists who rule the U.S. also rule an empire that extends around the world. They are parasites and exploiters who rob vast swaths of the globe - hundreds of millions of people - of their labor, land and natural resources. They have built a military machine of an unprecedented scale in world history and the U.S. is waging continuous wars, from the Philippines to Iraq. They have placed Puerto Rico under colonial rule and block its path to independence. And they make the Zionist occupation of Palestine possible.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The people of the U.S. and peoples of world have something in common, a common enemy. Every blow that the people of the U.S. land on our rulers is good for people everywhere, and vice versa, and this is the material basis for proletarian internationalism, for the unity of the working class and for oppressed nations on a world scale.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Living in the center of an imperialist empire, revolutionaries have a special responsibility to oppose the wars of our ‘own’ rulers and extend support to the oppressed. As we do so there is a great deal that we can learn from the determined fight that the Russian communists waged against the social chauvinists, i.e. those who were socialist in words, but “great nation chauvinists” in deed. As we build the anti-war movement we constantly encounter those who what to join the in demonization of the national liberation movements. We cannot let these forces set the terms of the movement.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Along a similar vein, we can never accept the imperialists’ attempts to criminalize the national liberation movements with their slanders of terrorism or narco-terrorism, and we oppose their laws that seek to outlaw international solidary.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;"><span style="background-color: transparent; font-size: 11pt; font-weight: 700;">The future is bright</span></span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The October Revolution opened the road to a new stage in human history that shows what our class can do – that we can “lose our chains.” Revolutionaries in the U.S. have a big job and we are well served by using the science of Marxism-Leninism and learning from advanced experience.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Monopoly capitalism is a failed, criminal system that had a beginning and that will surely have an end. Its gravediggers are already on the scene. And while we do not know the year or month – we are certain the U.S. will have its October.</span></p> http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7671#comments Socialism October revolution Socialism Editoriales Thu, 07 Nov 2019 23:15:33 +0000 Fight Back 7671 at http://www.fightbacknews.org 102 years since October Revolution http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7671 <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; font-style: italic; white-space: pre-wrap;">This paper prepared collectively by the central leadership of Freedom Road Socialist Organization, and was presented by leading member of FRSO, Frank Chapman, at the Centennial Commemoration of the October Revolution, held in New York City, July 2017. The event was sponsored by People’s Response for International Solidarity and Mass Mobilization (PRISM) in cooperation with the U.S. member organizations of the International League of People’s Struggle (ILPS-US).</span></p> <p><strong><br /> </strong></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:700;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Introduction&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">As communists and revolutionaries, we welcome this opportunity to mark the 100th anniversary of Russia’s 1917 October Revolution, and to discuss its ongoing relevancy to the struggle today.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The October Revolution was a world-changing event. At one stroke, it settled the question of whether another world was possible. Releasing one-sixth of the world from the chains of wage slavery, it smashed the myth that rule by the few was a sort of permanent condition, and, by successfully establishing proletarian political power, the October Revolution succeeded in opening the road to socialist construction. For the years that followed, the great achievements of the Soviet Union created a new and better way of life and would exercise a powerful effect on working and oppressed people around the globe.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Not only did the October Revolution change the lives of the millions who lived in what would become the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), it changed the world revolutionary movement in a big way. Mao was later to say, that the October Revolution sent the “salvos of Marxism to China” where it was to become a powerful force in the movement for national liberation and socialism. In the U.S., the October Revolution came to exercise a magnetic pull on the revolutionaries in the socialist, labor and other people’s movements, contributing to the creation of a single, revolutionary Communist Party in the early 1920s, which became an important factor in the country’s political life.</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:700;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">How we can learn for the October Revolution in the U.S.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The Bolsheviks, under the leadership of Lenin, Stalin and others, creatively applied Marxism to the concrete conditions of Russia. In doing so they waged a consistent struggle against opportunism in the socialist and labor movements - internationally and in Russia itself. It was this struggle against opportunism that prepared the Bolsheviks to lead the working class in the seizure of power.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The October Revolution was a qualitative leap, from one historical epoch to another – a period in which moribund capitalism is heading for extinction and where socialism is on the agenda. This process in turn gave rise to Leninism; Leninism being Marxism in the era of imperialism and proletarian revolution.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Marxism-Leninism is a science, the science of revolution. It allows us to understand the laws that govern the processes at work in the world, and by understanding those laws, including those of how history develops, we can grasp the necessity and understand our freedom to change the world.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Because Marxism-Leninism is a science, a science that is by necessity and fact, universal in character, we can take the lessons of the October Revolution and learn from the experience in a materialist way that helps us to advance our work in the U.S. Lenin made the point that the soul of Marxism was a concrete analysis of concrete conditions, so we cannot say that it something that is fixed, static, or immutable. Rather, Marxism-Leninism is and will be constantly enriched through cycles of practice, and the summation of that practice.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">We learn from the past, to guide our work in the present and to serve the future, which includes our revolutionary goals. We have no desire to be a historical reenactment society, and it should be obvious to all serious people that we cannot rely on analogies from Russian history to understand current conditions.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:700;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Conditions in the U.S. today</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The U.S. today is empire in decline, beset by contradictions internal and external. Lenin stated imperialism was capitalism in its moribund stage, and it is arguable that the irrational bigot Donald Trump is a fitting political representative of a sick and dying system.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Internationally, the U.S. faces a growing challenge for the national liberation movements and the national democratic governments, the socialist countries, and other imperialist rivals. Thus, the U.S. is increasing military spending, taking hostile actions against socialist Korea and Cuba, and is stepping up the U.S. wars in Afghanistan, Syria, Yemen, Somalia, Iraq and other places.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Within the U.S., the monopoly capitalists are perusing an agenda of austerity and reaction, which means an intensification of racist discrimination and national oppression, directed at African Americans, Chicanos and Latinos, Arab and Asian Americans, and indigenous peoples including Pacific Islanders. There is an attack on the standard of living of working people (including wages, health care, pensions, and perhaps most importantly - the right to have trade unions), attacks on the rights of women, and organized bigotry against Muslims.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The point here is not do draw up a comprehensive list of the crimes being committed by the monopoly capitalist class, nor is it to chart the restructuring of the economy and political polarization that has unfolded since the great economic crisis of 2007, rather it is to provide a general picture of a wide-ranging war that the bourgeoisie is waging on the people of the U.S. and by extension, the peoples of the world.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Fortunately, the war that the rulers of the U.S. are waging on working and oppressed people is not a one-sided one, and we are now in the midst of one of the greatest upsurges of struggle since the 1960s. In cities across the country, massive and militant protests have taken place against police crimes and there is a growing movement for community control of the police. There is a growing tide of anger over the anti-immigrant polices of the Trump administration. Trump’s attempted ‘Muslim ban’ drew hundreds of thousands of people into the streets and airports. It is estimated that about 20% of the people of the U.S have taken part in protests and demonstrations since Trump took office.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Finally, there another point concerning objective conditions that bears mentioning: the communist movement in the U.S. is small. This does not negate the fact that the existing Marxist-Leninist organizations have not made big contributions to the people’s struggle. We have. Rather it is recognition of the reality that the U.S. is a large country with big working class, and for those of us who are revolutionaries, the task of building a new communist party remains on our agenda.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">At any given time, communists have three general tasks: to win all that can be one in the struggle while landing the strongest possible blows on the enemy; to raise the general level of consciousness and organization among the people; and to build communist organization win the advanced to Marxism-Leninism. As we carry out these tasks there is an incredible amount that we can learn from the October Revolution and the work by Russian communists to make it a reality.</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:700;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">The October Revolution and the need for a communist party</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Given that no ruling class, be it the capitalists and landlords who ruled Russia in 1917, or the monopoly capitalists who rule the U.S. today, have ever left the stage of history voluntarily, working and oppressed people need to be organized to take political power by whatever means necessary. This is basic lesson of the October Revolution that is universally valid.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Lenin made the following points about what is needed for revolution:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-left: 36pt;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">It is only when the "lower classes" do not want to live in the old way and the "upper classes" cannot carry on in the old way that the revolution can triumph. This truth can be expressed in other words: revolution is impossible without a nation-wide crisis (affecting both the exploited and the exploiters). It follows that, for a revolution to take place, it is essential, first, that a majority of the workers (or at least a majority of the class-conscious, thinking, and politically active workers) should fully realize that revolution is necessary, and that they should be prepared to die for it; second, that the ruling classes should be going through a governmental crisis, which draws even the most backward masses into politics… weakens the government, and makes it possible for the revolutionaries to rapidly overthrow it. (LCW Vol 31, p. 85)</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">To this we can add another precondition - the need for a Communist Party. The outstanding revolutionary leader, Mao Zedong put it like this:</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-left: 36pt;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">If there is to be a revolution, there must be a revolutionary party. Without a revolutionary party, without a party built on the Marxist-Leninist revolutionary theory and in the Marxist-Leninist style, it is impossible to lead the working class and the broad masses of people in defeating imperialism and its running dogs. (MSW Vol 4, p. 284).</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Our organization, Freedom Road Socialist Organization (FRSO), does not claim to be the party of the working class. We are a communist organization that is working to build a new communist party. The reason we do not claim to be the party is that we do not in any real way, to use Stalin’s formulation, encompass the advanced detachment of the working class. The problem is this: most advanced workers - the activists, organizers and leaders - are not revolutionaries or communists. The active of our class are in one place politically and the communists are in another. There is a gap. A separation. So, we need to fuse Marxism and the workers’ movement.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">One of the great strengths of the communist movement in Russia is that it dealt with the problem of fusing Marxism and the workers’ movement in a practical and meaningful way. In 1899 Lenin posed the issue like this:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-left: 36pt;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">The separation of the working-class movement and socialism gave rise to weakness and underdevelopment in each: the theories of the socialists, unfused with the workers’ struggle, remained nothing more than utopias, good wishes that had no effect on real life; the working-class movement remained petty, fragmented, and did not acquire political significance, was not enlightened by the advanced science of its time. For this reason we see in all European countries a constantly growing urge to fuse socialism with the working-class movement in a single Social-Democratic movement. When this fusion takes place the class struggle of the workers becomes the conscious struggle of the proletariat to emancipate itself from exploitation by the propertied classes, it is evolved into a higher form of the socialist workers’ movement—the independent working-class Social-Democratic party. (LCW, Vol 4, p. 255)&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">In addition, Lenin and the Bolsheviks also developed measures to consolidate the party – organizationally, politically and ideologically - all of which we can learn from today.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Taken as a whole, conditions in the U.S. today are favorable for building communist organization. The large number people who self-identify as “socialists” in the wake of the Sanders presidential campaign is an indicator of this, as is the upsurge of struggle against police crimes, the large-scale protests against Trump, and the openness in the labor movement to class-struggle unionism. Also, coming off the economic crisis of 2007, and the restructuring of the economy that has taken place since then, there is a sense among many, especially among young people, that capitalism is a failed system.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">In all of the people’s struggles, the issue of “Who will lead?” is a basic one. Communist leadership is not preordained. It is earned, though our clarity of political line, organizational capacity and hard work. Communists need to be good at learning at the same time as we teach others. We cannot afford to criticize from the sidelines. We need to step up, and if we do not do so, opportunists of various stripes will be glad to do it for us.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">For example, objectively speaking, there is a movement against Trump. It began while he was on the campaign trial, and many of us marched against him and his agenda in the streets of Cleveland during the Republican National Convention. There was a huge outpouring of struggle, which was largely spontaneous, following his election, and we are now in a period where large-scale fightbacks can be organized against his more egregious attacks – such as the Muslim ban.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">In building the movement against Trump, we need to contend with reformists and other class forces, including those tied with the leadership of the Democratic Party, over the issue of who should lead. The fact is the only way we can lead this movement is by being the ranks of those who are the practical organizers of it – which means that we are among those calling the demonstrations, organizing the big protests, and are among the speakers putting out a clear line on the issues of day. To the extent that we can, we want the movement to target not only Trump, but also the monopoly capitalists who stand behind him.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">In this struggle, like every other popular movement, is critical for communists do more than work to raise the general level of consciousness among the masses of people, and we can’t be content with being the among the best of the activists either. In every battle that we engage in it is critical we are summing things up with the activists and leaders, helping them understand the laws the govern monopoly capitalism, and explaining the need for socialism. By doing this we grow the communist movement in this country, and lay the basis for creating a new communist party.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">It should also be noted that this work of building communist organization in the crucible of the day-to-day struggle helps to create the material basis for Marxist-Leninist organizations, to engage in joint practice, to engage in summation, and, where possible, to the achievement of principled organizational unity.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; font-weight: 700; white-space: pre-wrap;">Strategy for revolution in the U.S. and the national question</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">All revolutionary strategy is based on answering the question, “Who are our friends and who are our enemies?” This is impossible without understanding the specific features of U.S. society.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Our strategy for socialist revolution is constructing a united front against the monopoly capitalist class, under the leadership of the working class and its political party, with a strategic alliance between the multinational working class and the oppressed nationalities at the core of this united front.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">It is vital to understand the special needs and demands of entire nationalities within the borders of the U.S - African Americans, Chicanos and Latinos, Asian Americans, Native peoples including native Hawaiians, Arab Americans and others, are bound by the chains of national oppression.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Racism in the U.S. carries the stench of the slave market. It maintains that Black people are inferior and that racial antagonisms are ahistorical and independent of the development class societies. We totally reject this notion.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Lenin referred to pre-1917 Russia as a “prison house of nations,” and that is exactly what the U.S. is today, where racist discrimination and systematic inequality in all spheres of life - economic, political, and cultural - is the order of the day. One of the main reasons that Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik) was successful in October 1917 was that it championed the fight against national oppression, and it consistently stood for the national liberation and self-determination. There is a lot we can learn from this experience.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Likewise, by waging a struggle against the opportunism and social chauvinism that characterized the Second International, Marxism-Leninism became the revolutionary theory, where the national question takes it rightful place, where is understood where it is in reality - as vital to the revolutionary process internationally and vital to understanding the core dynamics of change in a multi-national state like the U.S.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">We make the following point in our </span><span style="background-color: transparent; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-style: italic; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Statement on National Oppression, National Liberation and Socialist Revolution, </span><span style="background-color: transparent; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">which crystalizes our understanding of the importance of the fight against national oppression:&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-left: 36pt;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">The struggle against imperialism and national oppression is a revolutionary struggle, for just as the people of Asia, Africa and Latin America require revolutionary struggles to overthrow colonialism and liberate their countries, so will it take a revolutionary struggle in the United States to gain full equality for oppressed nationalities. Since it is the system of imperialism that profits from and causes national oppression, only the overthrow of this system can end national oppression.</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Two things are needed to develop the strategic alliance. First, we need to build the African American, Chicano, and other oppressed nationality movements, and to promote working class leadership with in those movements. Workers from oppressed nations in the trade union movement bring with them the special demands of their national liberation movements. We fight for the trade union movement to stand in unconditional solidarity with the oppressed.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Second, as we build the multinational working class movement, we need to ensure that the fight against racist discrimination, and for consistent democracy, and full equality for the oppressed is at the core of our agenda. For example, in recent years the struggle against police crimes has exploded in Black community. In a number of places this struggle has expanded to encompass the fight for community control of police. In addition to building these fights, everything possible should be done to get the labor movement to support them.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Or to take another example, we have worked hard to build the immigrant rights movement, to resist deportations and to build the fight for legalization for all. In the cities where we do this, we have worked hard to draw in the labor movement.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The work to build this strategic alliance also requires carrying out a set of interrelated and at times difficult tasks. White workers, especially those who are active and forward-looking, have the responsibility to fight white chauvinism or racism among whites and play an active role in building the fight against all manifestations of national oppression. Racial prejudice is not the primary cause of national oppression. It is the consequence, the rationalization and justification of national oppression.&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Revolutionary-minded oppressed nationality workers have the responsibly to oppose narrow nationalism among workers of their own nationality.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Building a united front against monopoly capitalism, building communist organization with the aim of constructing a Leninist party of a new type, or building a strategic alliance are all tasks that can be carried out now. All the basic contradictions of imperialism are sharpening and there is a real urgency to do what must be done.</span></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Calibri,sans-serif;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:700;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Proletarian Internationalism</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The monopoly capitalists who rule the U.S. also rule an empire that extends around the world. They are parasites and exploiters who rob vast swaths of the globe - hundreds of millions of people - of their labor, land and natural resources. They have built a military machine of an unprecedented scale in world history and the U.S. is waging continuous wars, from the Philippines to Iraq. They have placed Puerto Rico under colonial rule and block its path to independence. And they make the Zionist occupation of Palestine possible.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The people of the U.S. and peoples of world have something in common, a common enemy. Every blow that the people of the U.S. land on our rulers is good for people everywhere, and vice versa, and this is the material basis for proletarian internationalism, for the unity of the working class and for oppressed nations on a world scale.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Living in the center of an imperialist empire, revolutionaries have a special responsibility to oppose the wars of our ‘own’ rulers and extend support to the oppressed. As we do so there is a great deal that we can learn from the determined fight that the Russian communists waged against the social chauvinists, i.e. those who were socialist in words, but “great nation chauvinists” in deed. As we build the anti-war movement we constantly encounter those who what to join the in demonization of the national liberation movements. We cannot let these forces set the terms of the movement.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Along a similar vein, we can never accept the imperialists’ attempts to criminalize the national liberation movements with their slanders of terrorism or narco-terrorism, and we oppose their laws that seek to outlaw international solidary.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;"><span style="background-color: transparent; font-size: 11pt; font-weight: 700;">The future is bright</span></span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">The October Revolution opened the road to a new stage in human history that shows what our class can do – that we can “lose our chains.” Revolutionaries in the U.S. have a big job and we are well served by using the science of Marxism-Leninism and learning from advanced experience.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: transparent; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; white-space: pre-wrap;">Monopoly capitalism is a failed, criminal system that had a beginning and that will surely have an end. Its gravediggers are already on the scene. And while we do not know the year or month – we are certain the U.S. will have its October.</span></p> http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7671#comments Socialism October revolution Socialism Editoriales Thu, 07 Nov 2019 23:15:33 +0000 Fight Back 7671 at http://www.fightbacknews.org FRSO condemns wave of repression against trade unionists, progressive activists in Philippines http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7670 <p>Freedom Road Socialist Organization stands in opposition to the wave of political repression that is being unleashed in the Philippines. The U.S.-backed regime of President Duterte has carried out a series of raids on homes and offices, jailing more than 60 participants in the progressive and national democratic movement.</p> <p>According to reports, among those arrested in the raids were 40 members of the militant labor movement Kilusang Mayo Uno (KMU)/May First Movement. Leaders of the KMU have toured the U.S. in the past, speaking of their struggle for justice and a better way of life. They need our solidarity now. Also arrested were members of the National Federation of Sugar Workers, women’s groups, patriotic movements, and organizations of the urban poor. The Duterte regime is trying to justify these raids and arrests with planted ‘evidence’ and attempts to whip up anti-communism.</p> <p>Duterte’s raids and arrests in Negros, Samar and Metro Manila are signs of the regime’s weakness and growing isolation. In the cites and the rural areas, the broad masses of people are tired of a tyrannical, corrupt government and its foreign backers.</p> <p>We stand with the national democratic movement in Philippines, which is fighting with all its strength for a country that has true democray, land reform, and better way of life for the broad masses of people.</p> <p>We demand that U.S. troops get out of the Philippines and that all assistance to the corrupt Duterte regime come to and end.</p> <p><em>Say no to the repression!</em></p> <p><em>Support the labor movement in Philippines!</em></p> <p><em>Support the just struggle of the Filipino people!</em></p> http://www.fightbacknews.org/es/node/7670#comments Las Luchas del Pueblo KMU Filipinas Philippines Political Repression Rodrigo Duterte Wed, 06 Nov 2019 15:44:54 +0000 Fight Back 7670 at http://www.fightbacknews.org